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Vascular Plants of the Elfin Forest

                                                                                   
                                                B       C      H P    C      
                                    F l o a h    o
                                    o o l b o n
                          r o o i t f
ID  Scientific Name Common Name m m r t o m Notes
1 Abronia umbellata Beach sand-verbena Gc 5-10 P sd                        
2 Achillea millefolium Yarrow H 4-5 W s Y16            
3 Acmispon glaber Deerweed S 3-8 Y sc K13 fka: Lotus scoparius
4 Acmispon junceus Rush deerweed S 4-6 Y sc fka: Lotus junceus
5 Adenostoma fasciculatum Chamise S 3-8 W c K13            
6 Amsinckia spectabilis var. microcarpa Small fruit seaside fiddleneck H 2-6 Y sd K13            
7 Anagallis arvensis ● Scarlet pimpernel Sh 3-6 O d M16
8 Anaphalis margaritacea Pearly everlasting H 6-8 W s             Mis-ID of #165 below?
9 Apiastrum angustifolium Mock-celery K13            
10 Arctostaphylos morroensis Morro manzanita TS 2-3 W z K13 Federally Listed: Threatened Species
11 Artemisia californica California sagebrush S 4-12 W sc K13            
12 Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort K13            
13 Asparagus asparagoides ●● African asparagus fern V 3-6 W o K13 Very invasive in oak groves.
14 Astragalus pomonensis Pomona milk-vetch H 1-10 C sd K13            
15 Atriplex patula Spear oracle H 7-11 I m K13            
16 Atriplex watsonii Watson’s saltbush H 8-10 I m K13            
17 Avena barbata ● Slender wild oats G 3-6 I d            
18 Avena fatua ● Common wild oats G 3-6 I d K13            
19 Baccharis glutinosa Marsh baccharis K13            
20 Baccharis pilularis Coyote brush S 3-12 Y sc K13 Male – yellow FL Female – white FL
21 Bolboschoenus maritimus ssp. paludosus Saltmarsh bulrush K13            
22 Bolboschoenus robustus Sturdy bulrush H 6 I k K13 Likely an introgression from B. maritimus
23 Brachypodium distachyon ●● False brome G
I d                        
24 Brassica nigra ●● Black Mustard H 1-7 Y d
25 Brassica rapa ●● Rape mustard
26 Briza maxima ● Rattlesnake grass K13            
27 Bromus carinatus California brome G 4-7 I d            
28 Bromus diandrus ●● Ripgut brome G 4-7 I d K13            
29 Bromus hordeaceus ● Soft chess brome G 4-7 I d K13            
30 Bromus madritensis ssp. rubens ●● Foxtail brome G 4-7 I d K13            
31 Bromus tectorum ●● Cheatgrass G 6-7 I d                        
32 Calandrinia ciliata Red maids H 2-5 R d                        
33 Calyptridium monandrum Common pussypaws H 3-6 R d                        
34 Calystegia macrostegia Island morning glory H 3-8 W s Y16            
35 Camissonia strigulosa Contorted sun cup H 4-8 Y sd                        
36 Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia Beach evening primrose H 4-8 Y sd K13            
37 Camissoniopsis micrantha Spencer primrose H 4-8 Y sd                        
38 Cardamine californica Milk maids H 6-8 W o K13            
39 Cardamine oligosperma Bitter cress H 3-6 W kr K13            
40 Cardionema ramosissimum Sand-mat Gc 4-8 I s K13            
41 Carduus pycnocephalus ●● Italian thistle H 4-7 L d N16            
42 Carex barbarae Santa Barbara sedge H 3-8 I km K13            
43 Carex globosa Round fruit sedge K13            
44 Carex obnupta Slough sedge
45 Carpobrotus chilensis ● Sea fig H 4-9 P d
46 Carpobrotus edulis ●● Hottentot fig H 4-10 P d K13            
47 Ceanothus cuneatus Buck brush S 1-4 W c K13
48 Centaurea melitensis ●● Tocalote H 3-9 Y d
49 Cerastium glomeratum ● Mouse-ear chickweed Sh 3-7 W dc
50 Chenopodium album ● Lamb’s quarters H 6-10 I d             Mis-ID of 51 below?
51 Chenopodium berlandieri Pit-seeded goosefoot K13            
52 Chenopodium californicum California goosefoot H 3-7 I d Y16
53 Chorizanthe angustifolia Narrow-leaf spineflower Sh 3-7 W d K13            
54 Chorizanthe diffusa Diffuse spineflower Sh 3-7 W d
55 Cirsium occidentale var.occidentale Cobwebby thistle H 4-7 P so K13            
56 Cirsium vulgare ● Bull thistle H 6-10 L d
57 Claytonia perfoliata Miner's lettuce Sh 2-5 W oz N16
58 Conicosia pugioniformis ●● Narrow-leaved iceplant Sh 5-10 Y d K13
59 Corethrogyne filaginifolia California aster S 8-12 PY sc K13 fka: Lessingia filaginifolia
60 Cotula coronopifolia ● Brass buttons H 3-12 Y km
61 Crassula connata Pygmy-weed Sh 2-5 W sc M14
62 Crocanthemum scoparium Peak rush-rose S 4-8 Y sc K13 fka: Helianthemum scoparium
63 Croton californicus California croton Sh 3-10 W s K13
64 Cryptantha clevelandii Cryptantha H 4-6 W sc
65 Cuscuta pacifica Saltmarsh dodder HV 4-10 W m K13 fka: Cuscuta salina. Parasitic
66 Daucus pusillus Wild carrot H 4-7 W s K13            
67 Deinandra corymbosa ssp. corymbosa Coastal tarweed Sh 3-5 Y ds                        
68 Delairea odorata ●● Cape ivy H 3-7 Y od K13 Highly invasive. fka: Senecio nikanioides
69 Descurainia pinnata Yellow tansy mustard H 3-7 Y d K13            
70 Dichelostemma capitatum Blue dicks H 2-6 B c N15            
71 Distichlis spicata Saltgrass G 4-7 I m K13            
72 Dryopteris arguta Wood fern H
I o,s K13 Reproduces with spores
73 Dudleya caespitosa Coast dudleya H 5-7 Y s, c K13            
74 Dudleya lanceolata Coastal dudleya H 5-7 Y sc K13            
75 Ehrharta calycina ●● Veldt grass G 3-7+ I d K13 Spikelets reddish. Very invasive.
76 Ehrharta erecta ●● Panic veldtgrass G
I d M14 grows in oak groves.
77 Eleocharis rostellata Spikerush H 5-7 I kr K13            
78 Elymus condensatus Giant wildrye K13            
79 Epilobium ciliatum Willow-herb H 5-8 W kr K13
80 Equisetum hyemale Common scouring-rush H 3-6 W dm K13            
81 Equisetum telmateia Giant horsetail H -- -- r K13 Not a flowering plant
82 Eriastrum densifolium ssp. densifolium Wooly star H 6-10 B s K13            
83 Ericameria ericoides Mock heather S 8-9 Y s K13            
84 Erigeron canadensis Common horseweed K13            
85 Eriogonum parvifolium Dune buckwheat S 5-10 W s K13 Flower ages to pink then rust
86 Eriophyllum confertiflorum Golden-yarrow S 2-7 Y sc K13            
87 Eriophyllum multicaule Many-stem woolly sunflower Sh 3-5 Y sc K13            
88 Eriophyllum staechadifolium Seaside golden-yarrow S 3-12 Y s K13            
89 Erodium botrys ● Storkbill filaree H 3-5 L d            
90 Erodium cicutarium ● Red-stem filaree H 2-5 P d N15            
91 Erysimum suffrutescens Suffrutescent wallflower H 3-5 Y s K13 CNPS: rank = 4.2
92 Eschscholzia californica California poppy H 2-9 YO sc K13            
93 Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia Eucrypta H 5-6 W sc K13            
94 Euphorbia peplus ● Petty spurge H 2-8 W d                        
95 Festuca arundinacea ● Tall fescue G 3-7 I d K13            
96 Festuca myuros ● Rattail fescue G 3-5 I c K13 fka: Vulpia myuros
97 Festuca octoflora Six-weeks fescue G 4-6 I c             fka: Vulpia octoflora
98 Festuca perennis ● Perennial ryegrass G
I d             fka: Lolium perenne
99 Festuca pratensis Meadow fescue             Mis-ID of 95 above?
100  Festuca rubra California fescue G
                        K13            
101  Foeniculum vulgare ●● Fennel H 5-9 Y d K13            
102 Frangula californica California coffeeberry S 4-7 Y s K13 fka: Rhamnus californica
103 Frankenia salina Alkali heath H 6-10 L m K13            
104 Galium aparine Common bedstraw K13            
105 Galium porrigens Climbing bedstraw H 4-7 W c K13
106 Geranium dissectum ● Cut-leaf geranium H 3-5 P d K13            
107 Hedera helix ●● English ivy H
I o             ID TBD….. Algerian ivy (H. canariensis)
108 Hedypnois cretica ● Crete weed                                                 K13            
109 Hesperocnide tenella Western nettle H 1-4 I oc N15            
110 Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon T 1-4 W c K13            
111 Heterotheca grandiflora Telegraph weed H 1-12 Y so K13            
112 Hirschfeldia incana ● Perennial mustard H 3-10 Y d            
113 Hordeum murinum ● Foxtail barley G 4-7 I sc            
114 Horkelia cuneata ssp. cuneata Wedgeleaf horkelia H 3-7 WY sc K13            
115 Hydrocotyle verticillata Whorled marsh pennywort Sh 3-8 Y k K13            
116 Hypochaeris glabra ● Smooth cat's ear H 3-9 W d K13            
117 Isocoma menziesii var. vernonioides Menzie’s goldenbush S 4-12 Y sm K13            
118 Isolepis cernua Dwarf bullrush H 5-12 Y m K13 fka: Scirpus cernuus
119 Jaumea carnosa Fleshy jaumea H 5-12 Y m K13            
120 Juncus acutus ssp. leopoldii Southwestern spiny rush H 5-12 I m K13 CNPS: rank = 4.2
121 Juncus bufonius Toad rush H 4-9 I k                        
122 Juncus hesperius Coast or Bog rush H K13            
123 Koeleria macrantha Junegrass H
I ds                        
124 Lamarckia aurea ● Goldentop G 2-5 I d             Flower golden to purplish
125 Layia hieracioides Tall layia H 4-5 Y so                        
126 Layia platyglossa Tidy tips H 3-6 WY so                        
127 Lepidium draba ●● Hoary cress H 3-6 W dm                        
128 Limonium californicum Sea lavender H 1-11 L m K13            
129 Lobularia maritima ● Sweet alyssum H 1-12 W d                        
130 Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans California honeysuckle V 4-7 P o K13            
131 Lotus corniculatus ● Birdfoot trefoil H 1-9 Y k                        
132 Lupinus arboreus Yellow bush lupine S 3-6 Y s                        
133 Lupinus bicolor Miniature lupine H 3-5 BW sd                        
134 Lupinus chamissonis Silver dune lupine S 3-7 BW s K13            
135 Madia sativa Coast tarweed H 5-6 Y c                        
136 Malva parviflora ● Cheeseweed H 3-10 P d                        
137 Marah fabaceus Wild cucumber H 2-4 WY sco K13
138 Matricaria discoidea ● Pineapple weed Sh 4-8 Y d N15 fka: Chamomilla suaveolens
139 Medicago polymorpha ● Burclover H 3-6 Y d                        
140 Melica imperfecta Smallflower melicgrass G 4-5 I c, s N15            
141 Melilotus albus ● White sweet-clover H 4-10 W d                        
142 Melilotus indicus ● Yellow sweet-clover H 4-10 Y d K13 AKA: M. indica
143 Mimulus aurantiacus Sticky monkey-flower S 3-8 O sc K13            
144 Morella californica California wax-myrtle TS 4-7 W s K13 fka: Myrica californica
145 Mucronea californica California spineflower H 4-7 W sc K13 CNPS: rank = 4.2
146 Nuttallanthus texanus Blue toadflax H 3-5 B co Y17 fka: Linaria canadensis
147 Oenanthe sarmentosa Water parsley H 6-10 W k K13            
148 Orobanche fasciculata Clustered broomrape Sh 3-7 Y s Y16 Parasitic
149 Paeonia californica California peony H 12-3 R sc K13            
150 Parietaria hespera Pellitory H 3-5 R s                        
151 Persicaria punctata Dotted smartweed            

K13            
152 Phacelia (several) Phacelia H 2-5                                                            
153 Pholisma arenarium Pholisma H 4-8 WL sc K13 Parasitic
154 Pholistoma auritum Fiesta flower H 3-5 L s                        
155 Phragmites australis ● Common reed K13 Native to Calif. but not Elfin Forest
156 Piperia michaelii Rein orchid H 6-8 W o K13 K13 CNPS: rank = 4.2
157 Plagiobothrys nothofulvus Popcorn flower H 3-5 W s                        
158 Plantago coronopus ● Cutleaf plantain H 3-6 W dm K13            
159 Plantago lanceolata ● English plantain H 4-8 C d K13            
160 Polycarpon depressum Polycarp Sh 4-6 W sc K13            
161 Polygonum aviculare ● Common knotweed H 5-11 W d             fka: Polygonum arenastrum
162 Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica Pacific silverweed H 5-10 Y m K13
163 Prunus fasciculata var. punctata Dune almond S 3-4 C s K13 CNPS: rank = 4.3
164 Prunus ilicifolia Hollyleaf cherry S 2-4 W s K13            
165 Pseudognaphalium biolettii Bicolored cudweed H 1-6 C s K13 fka: Gnaphalium bicolor
166 Pseudognaphalium californicum California everlasting H 1-7 WY c K13 fka: Gnaphalium californicum
167 Pseudognaphalium ramosissimum Pink everlasting H 6-9 P sc K13 K13 fka: Gnaphalium ramosissimum
168 Pteridium aquilinum var. pubescens Bracken fern H
I os K13 Reproduces with spores
169 Quercus agrifolia Coast live oak TS 3-4 I o K13            
170 Raphanus sativus ● Wild radish H 2-7 L d                        
171 Rhamnus crocea Redberry S 3-4 C s K13            
172 Ribes divaricatum var. pubiflorum Straggly gooseberry K13            
173 Ribes menziesii Canyon gooseberry S                                     K13            
174 Ribes speciosum Fuchsia-flowered S 1-5 R sc K13            


gooseberry



           
175 Rosa californica California wild rose S 5-8 P s K13            
176 Rosa spithamea Coast ground rose H 3-6 W dm K13            
177 Rubus ursinus California blackberry S 2-5 W so K13            
178 Rumex acetosella ● Sour-dock H 3-8 O d                        
179 Rumex crispus ● Curly dock H 4-8 Y d                        
180 Rumex occidentalis Western dock H K13            
181 Ruppia maritima Ditch Grass



K13 In salt water ponds
182 Salicornia bigelovii Dwarf glasswort



K13 aka Annual pickleweed
183 Salicornia pacifica Pacific pickleweed H 7-11 W m K13 fka: Salicornia virginica
184 Salix lasiolepis Arroyo willow TS 2-5 I r K13            
185 Salvia mellifera Black sage S 4-7 W sc K13            
186 Sanicula arguta Sharp toothed snakeroot H 3-4 Y sc             Mis-ID of 187 below?
187 Sanicula crassicaulis Pacific snakeroot H 3-4 Y dm K13            
188 Schismus arabicus ● Mediterranean grass H
I d                        
189 Schoenoplectus acutus var. occidentalis Tule H 5-8 I k K13 fka: Scirpus acutus var. occidentalis
190 Schoenoplectus americanus American threesquare H 6-8 I k K13 fka: Scirpus americanus
191 Schoenoplectus californicus California tule H 6-9 I k K13 fka: Scirpus californicus
192 Scirpus microcarpus Small-headed bulrush H 3-7 I k K13            
193 Scrophularia californica California figwort H 2-6 R co K13            
194 Scutellaria tuberosa Common skullcap H 3-5 B s                        
195 Senecio blochmaniae Dune ragwort H 6-10 Y s N15 CNPS: rank = 4.2
196 Senecio californicus California groundsel H 3-5 Y s                        
197 Setaria viridis ● Green bristlegrass G 6-8 I d                        
198 Silene gallica ● Windmill pink H 4-10 WP d                        
199 Silene laciniata ssp. laciniata Indian pink H 5-6 R s K13 fka: Silene laciniata ssp. major
200 Solanum douglasii White nightshade H 5-9 WY os K13            
201 Solanum xanti Purple nightshade H 5-8 L s K13            
202 Solidago confinis Southern goldenrod                                                 K13            
203 Solidago velutina ssp. californica California goldenrod H 6-10 Y s             Mis-ID of 202 above?
204 Sonchus asper ● Prickly sow thistle H 3-6 W d                        
205 Sonchus oleraceus ● Common sow thistle H 3-9 Y d                        
206 Sparganium eurycarpum var. eurycarpum Bur-reed K13            
207 Spergularia marina ● Saltmarsh sand-spurrey H 6-11 W m                        
208 Stachys bullata California hedge nettle H 4-9 P o K13            
209 Stellaria media ● Common chickweed H K13            
210 Stephanomeria elata Santa Barbara wirelettuce H 6-10 P sc K13            
211 Stephanomeria virgata ssp. virgata Rod wirelettuce H 6-10 P sc K13            
212 Symphoricarpos mollis Creeping snowberry H 5-6 P o K13            
213 Toxicodendron diversilobum Poison oak S 4-5 I os K13
214 Triglochin concinna Arrow-grass H 3-8 I m K13            
215 Turritis glabra Tower mustard K13            
216 Typha latifolia Cattail H 6-7 I k K13            
217 Uropappus lindleyi Silver puff H 4-6 Y c M14            
218 Urtica dioica Stinging nettle H 6-9 W o K13            
219 Urtica urens ● Dwarf nettle H 4-6 I d             Mis-ID of 109 above?
220 Vicia gigantea Giant vetch K13            
221 Polypodium californicum California polypody N16            



The vascular plant list is the product of many people's efforts extending from well before the Elfin Forest officially came into existance as a natural area preserve. The list that this table superceeds dates from 2005 - the publication date of SWAP's "Plants and Animals of the Elfin Forest Natural Area - A Pocket Guide".

Recently, Dr. David J. Keil, Curator of the Robert F. Hoover Herbarium at CalPoly, spent considerable time and effort in the Elfin Forest to confirm and update the list. Dr. Keil was able to confirm 138 of the species as being present. 12 were removed from the list as being confirmed "not present" - previous misidentifications, extripated by nature or by the Weed Warriors. 22 new plants were added (of these 6 replace plants that were most likely misidentified previously which will probably be removed from the list). Dr. Keil notes that 23 of the oiginal scientific names have changed in the intervening 10 years.

Over the next several cycle of seasons the SWAP volunteers will be working to establish the presence or absence of the plants that Dr. Keil was not able to confirm - 82 individual species. We have located 8 so far - only 74 more to go. Expect to see this list updated frequently.

Thank you, David!

 





 

ID – arbitrary number used to cross reference between a plant’s scientific and common name(s) in the companion table available which will available soon.

Scientific Name – Authoritive name in the order Genus + species, occasionally followed by var. (varitity) or ssp. (subspieces). Clicking on the scientific name will bring up Calflora's listing for that plant; see "Calflora" below.

  ● = non-native species
●● = non-native species which is or has the potential to negatively impact the native species of the Elfin Forest.

Common Name – A vernacular name for a species often used in local area. Most plants are known by multiple common names.

Form
       T = tree
       S = shrub
       H = herb
       Sh = short herb – under 6”
       V = vine
       G = grass
       Gc = ground cover.

(Some plants have more than one form within the Forest because of local environmental conditions.)

Bloom – the months in which a plant “normally” blooms. Weather can changes these dates. Some plants bloom nearly all year round in the Forest’s mild climate,  for them “Bloom” = peak period


 KEY



Habit(at)
– refers to plant association or complex:
     c = maritime chaparral
     d = disturbed (open sand)
     k = brackish water marsh
     m = coastal salt marsh – vegetated
     o = coast live oak woodland
     r = riparian
     s = coastal dune scrub
     u = mud flat – unvegitated tidal lands and channels
     z = oak/manzanita complex

Color –
predominant color(s) of blooms.
       W = white
       Y = yellow
       O = orange
       R = red
       P = pink
       B = blue
       L = lavender or purple
       C = cream
       I = indistinct.

Where bloom has a definite two colored pattern, it is shown like “WY” – white outside/yellow center, etc.

Photo –
if ais shown clicking on it will bring up photographs of the plant from UC Berkeley's CalPhotos Image Collection - www.calphotos.org. You may freely look through their collection of photographs, but, if you want to make any other use of the photos be sure and respect the copyrights and restrictions found with each individual photograph. All this is explained on the CalPhoto web site.

Cfm –
"Confirmed" means the presence of the species has been confirmed since the 2005 list. "K13" indicates Dr. Keil found the plant present in 2013; "N15" = Al Normandin 2015, "M14" indicates Bob Meyer 2014, and "Y16" indicates Yolanda Waddell 2016. More plant IDers to be added.
 

Calflora is a nonprofit organization dedicated to providing information about California plant biodiversity for use in Education, Research and Conservation. Calflora is structured as a digital database and library. It lists over 8,000 plants (native and non-native) found in California. Clicking on the scientic name in the above table will take you to that plant's listing in Calflora from there your only one more click away from many other sources of information. It can be used as a gateway to several databases not the least of which "eFlora" the electronic version of the Jepson Manual maintained by The University Herbarium (UC Bedrkely) and Jepson Herbarium. Try it; you'll like it.

California State Parks and Recreation's local staff, with a mini-grant from MBNEP, has created an excellent study of the native vascular plants of the Estero Bay area. There are two versions. One is 182 pages and the other is a compact 73 pages. The compact version was generated from the larger version by deleting an extensive section on plant communities, plus reducing the table and photo sizes. You can download either below:

 "Native Flora of Estero Bay" (40.3 MB)  The full sized version

 "Native Flora of Estero Bay"  (11.5 MB) The abreviated version